Vol. 4, No. 2, 226-240, 2005

Radar imaging mechanism of marine sand waves at very low grazing angle illumination
Ingo Hennings and Dagmar Herbers

The investigations carried out between 2002-2004 during several field experiments within the Operational radar and optical mapping in monitoring hydrodynamic, morphodynamic and environmental parameters for coastal management project (OROMA) aimed to improve the effectiveness of new monitoring technologies such as shipborne imaging radars in coastal waters. The coastal monitoring radar of the GKSS Research Centre, Geesthacht, Germany, is based on a Kelvin Hughes RSR 1000 X-band (9.42 GHz) VV polarized river radar and was mounted on board the research vessel Ludwig Prandtl during the experiments in the Lister Tief, a tidal inlet of the German Bight in the North Sea. The important progress realized in this investigation is the availability of calibrated X-band radar data. Another central point of the study is to demonstrate the applicability of the quasi-specular scattering theory in combination with the weak hydrodynamic interaction theory for the radar imaging mechanism of the sea bed. It is shown that specular point scattering contributes significantly to the normalized radar cross section (NRCS) modulation due to marine sand waves. According to the theory quasi-specular scattering can be applied for wind speeds below 8 m/s. Measured and simulated NRCS modulations caused by flood and ebb tide oriented marine sand waves have been compared and agree fairly well.

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Submitted: 11 Jun 2005
Revised: 16 Dec 2005
Accepted: 17 Dec 2005

Hennings I & D Herbers, 2005. Radar imaging mechanism of marine sand waves at very low grazing angle illumination. EARSeL eProceedings, 4(2), 226-240


EARSeL European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories, Strasbourg, France


BIS Library and Information System, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg


ISSN 1729-3782